Tuesday December 21, 2004 - 12:00 PM
Central Florida - Wekiwa Springs State Park, Rock Springs State Reserve, Lower Wekiwa River Preserve
Central Florida - Wekiwa Springs State Park, Rock Springs State Reserve, Lower Wekiwa River Preserve
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Florida - Then and Now
Central Florida - Wekiwa Springs State Park, Rock Springs State Reserve, Lower Wekiwa River Preserve
Central Florida - Wekiwa Springs State Park, Rock Springs State Reserve, Lower Wekiwa River Preserve
Central Florida - Wekiwa Springs State Park, Rock Springs State Reserve, Lower Wekiwa River Preserve
Central Florida - Wekiwa Springs State Park, Rock Springs State Reserve, Lower Wekiwa River Preserve
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Florida - Then and Now

A walk back in time.
A living Florida history covering 500 years. Re-enactors portray a confederate cow camp, territorial soldiers, a Seminole Indian settlement , botanist William Bertram, the Oswald plantation , a Spanish settlement and Timucuan Indians. The program is dedicated to school groups for two days and open to the pubic one day."

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Florida TA N , - Then And Now is a Registered Trademark Copyright 1996, Wekiva Wilderness Trust, Inc.
All Rights reserved.

The FLORIDA, Then And Now presentation is designed to serve as  an educational program and help introduce you to the past, present
and future of our state.

During your "walk through time" along some of the Wekiwa Spring Park's most scenic paths, you will encounter interpreters reenacting time period personalities in authentic encampments and dress, representing well over 500 years of Florida's History.

Please feel free to engage these experts in conversation.

Every effort has been made to accurately reproduce the time periods depicted m this program However contents, attitudes, or points of view do not necessarily reflect those of the sponsors or participants

This program is presented by the Wekiva Wilderness Trust, Inc., and the staff and management of Wekiwa Springs GEO Basin Park. Without the help of the generosity of all our sponsors and numerous hours contributed by all the volunteers, this program would not be taking place for you to enjoy.

It is our sincere wish that you will enjoy this presentation and be inspired to help protect and preserve our diminishing natural and cultural resources.

CONFEDERATE COW CAVALRY CAMP
The year is 1864 and the Civil War rages on. Despite being overpowered by the Union blockade the Confederate Cow Cavalry continue driving thousands of head of cattle from south Florida gradually to the north to help feed their compatriots in the Confederate Army. This group of cracker cattlemen and soldiers have set up camp to allow their cattle to forage and rest. You will enjoy listening to some of their experiences during this push northward.
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TERRITORIAL SOLDIERS of 1836

These soldiers have been sent by President Andrew Jackson to enforce the removal of Seminoles from Florida to the Oklahoma Territory. They are on patrol in this area and have been hardened by the fierce fighting over the past few months. Many of their comrades have been killed or wounded at the battle of Black Point, the Dade Massacre and Battle at Withlacoochee, all fought within days of each other in late December 1835.

You are now in Florida in the 1820's. Approximately 250 years ago, the Seminoles came to Florida from Georgia. Growing to love these lands on which they hunted and lived, one of their leaders, Osceola, resisted President Andrew Jackson's decision to force relocation of the Seminoles to the Oklahoma Territory. Many Federal troops were sent, and while some Indian groups gave up, the Seminoles held their ground. During these long and costly battles which have come to be known as the Seminole Wars, many on both sides were killed or wounded. To this day, some Seminoles have never officially surrendered to the United States Government.

WILLIAM BETRAN'S CAMP

In 1774, William Bertram is one of the first botanists to explore and document many of the plants and animals in Florida and the Southeastern United States. In his research throughout this colonial frontier, he is often aided by local Seminole Indians identifying new species. The Seminoles cordially refer to Bertram as "Puc Puggy," Flower Hunter.

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spanish.gif (31497 bytes) The first enduring European colony in North America was settled in 1565 at St. Augustine, Florida, by Spanish explorer Pedro Menendez de Alvares. Ordering his troops to explore the interior of Florida, these Spanish soldiers have navigated their boats up the St. John's River and are now traveling on foot. Being deep within Timucuan Indian territory and alert to possible attack, they are seeking trail guides to assist in their trek to the Gulf of Mexico. Perhaps you can help
THE TIMUCUAN INDIANS
You have already traveled into more than 500 years of Florida's past, and are now entering a time prior to Christopher Columbus' 1492 voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. This is the land of the Timucuan people, the dominant Native culture in this area. Peace loving and resourceful, these hunters, fishermen and farmers have inhabited Florida for many years and are unaware of how the inflow of European settlers will forever change their lives. Timucuan villages and mounds range from Southern Georgia, south into what is present day Cape Canaveral and west into the Tampa Bay area.

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BACK TO THE PRESENT AND BEYOND...
Now that you have experienced over 500 years of Florida's history, let's begin a journey that will return us to our time.

Coming from Alabama, Georgia, and the Carolinas in the 1840's and 50's, pioneers migrated to the interior of the state in search of a new life on the Florida frontier.

Poor farmers of Scotch and Irish descent, these people settled the wilderness and established a culture all their own.
The Civilian Conservation Corps. was the precursor to many of today's State and National Parks. This 1930's era exhibit highlights the CCC's role in the development of many of Florida's State Parks.
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Wekiva Wilderness Trust, Inc.
1800 Wekiwa Circle | Apopka, Florida  32712
Phone: 407.263.8030  - Fax: 407.772.8779
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