|Florida - Then and Now
back in time.
A living Florida history covering 500 years. Re-enactors portray a confederate cow
camp, territorial soldiers, a Seminole Indian settlement , botanist William Bertram, the
Oswald plantation , a Spanish settlement and Timucuan Indians. The program is dedicated to
school groups for two days and open to the pubic one day."
Florida TA N , - Then And Now is a
Registered Trademark Copyright 1996, Wekiva Wilderness Trust, Inc.
All Rights reserved.
|The FLORIDA, Then And Now presentation is
designed to serve as an educational program and help introduce you to the past,
and future of our state.
"walk through time" along some of the Wekiwa Spring
Park's most scenic paths, you will encounter interpreters reenacting time period
personalities in authentic encampments and dress, representing well over 500 years of
Please feel free to engage these experts in conversation.
|Every effort has been made to accurately
reproduce the time periods depicted m this program However contents, attitudes, or points
of view do not necessarily reflect those of the sponsors or participants
This program is presented by the Wekiva Wilderness Trust, Inc., and the staff
and management of Wekiwa Springs GEO Basin Park. Without the help of the generosity of all
our sponsors and numerous hours contributed by all the volunteers, this program would not
be taking place for you to enjoy.
It is our sincere wish that you will enjoy this presentation
and be inspired to help protect and preserve our diminishing natural and cultural
|CONFEDERATE COW CAVALRY CAMP
The year is 1864 and the Civil War rages on. Despite being overpowered by the Union
blockade the Confederate Cow Cavalry continue driving thousands of head of cattle from
south Florida gradually to the north to help feed their compatriots in the Confederate
Army. This group of cracker cattlemen and soldiers have set up camp to allow their cattle
to forage and rest. You will enjoy listening to some of their experiences during this push
||TERRITORIAL SOLDIERS of 1836
These soldiers have been sent by President Andrew Jackson to enforce the
removal of Seminoles from Florida to the Oklahoma Territory. They are on patrol in this
area and have been hardened by the fierce fighting over the past few months. Many of their
comrades have been killed or wounded at the battle of Black Point, the Dade Massacre and
Battle at Withlacoochee, all fought within days of each other in late December 1835.
You are now in Florida in the 1820's. Approximately 250 years
ago, the Seminoles came to Florida from Georgia. Growing to love these lands on which they
hunted and lived, one of their leaders, Osceola, resisted President Andrew Jackson's
decision to force relocation of the Seminoles to the Oklahoma Territory. Many Federal
troops were sent, and while some Indian groups gave up, the Seminoles held their ground.
During these long and costly battles which have come to be known as the Seminole Wars,
many on both sides were killed or wounded. To this day, some Seminoles have never
officially surrendered to the United States Government.
|WILLIAM BETRAN'S CAMP
In 1774, William Bertram is one of the first botanists to explore and
document many of the plants and animals in Florida and the Southeastern United States. In
his research throughout this colonial frontier, he is often aided by local Seminole
Indians identifying new species. The Seminoles cordially refer to Bertram as "Puc
Puggy," Flower Hunter.
||The first enduring European colony in North
America was settled in 1565 at St. Augustine, Florida, by Spanish explorer Pedro Menendez
de Alvares. Ordering his troops to explore the interior of Florida, these Spanish soldiers
have navigated their boats up the St. John's River and are now traveling on foot. Being
deep within Timucuan Indian territory and alert to possible attack, they are seeking trail
guides to assist in their trek to the Gulf of Mexico. Perhaps you can help
|THE TIMUCUAN INDIANS
You have already traveled into more than 500 years of Florida's past, and are now entering
a time prior to Christopher Columbus' 1492 voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. This is the
land of the Timucuan people, the dominant Native culture in this area. Peace loving and
resourceful, these hunters, fishermen and farmers have inhabited Florida for many years
and are unaware of how the inflow of European settlers will forever change their lives.
Timucuan villages and mounds range from Southern Georgia, south into what is present day
Cape Canaveral and west into the Tampa Bay area.
|BACK TO THE PRESENT AND BEYOND...
Now that you have experienced over 500 years of Florida's history, let's begin a journey
that will return us to our time.
Alabama, Georgia, and the Carolinas in the 1840's and 50's, pioneers migrated to the
interior of the state in search of a new life on the Florida frontier.
| Poor farmers of Scotch and Irish descent, these
people settled the wilderness and established a culture all their own.
The Civilian Conservation Corps. was the precursor to many of today's State and National
Parks. This 1930's era exhibit highlights the CCC's role in the development of many of
Florida's State Parks.